Disinterest in Unity
These parties and their leaders persevered throughout the Soviet and civilwars into the post-Marxist period as political rivals. In 1985 after abortiveattempts to form a coalition, the parties finally agreed upon a format forformal sharing of leadership with the creation of the Islamic Union of AfghanMujahidin (Ittehad-i-Islami-Mujahidin-i-Afghanistan). This agreement set up arotational position which allowed each party leader to act officially asspokesman for the others on a six-month basis.
Very little changed otherwise. The parties maintained separate networks ofcommanders, staffs, publications, foreign political contacts, and affiliationswith the refugees in the camps. Distinctions and rivalries became so ingrainedthat jurisdictional issues on the ground in Afghanistan seriously impededcooperation. Road tolls, seizures of supplies and frequent combat betweenmujahidin units were partially the result of the failure to coalesce from above.
Party switches happened with some frequency among commanders, often to getbetter access to weapons, to gain advantage in political rivalries betweengroups, and also because of breakdowns in organization. Such shifts especiallyhurt Muhammad Nabi's weakly organized Harakat.
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