There are other small marginal communities of occupational specialists basedin eastern Afghanistan in provinces such as Laghman. They are commonly referredto as Jat which is a generic term indiscriminately applied by others withderogatory connotations implying low descent and low occupations. The groupsreject the term and refer to themselves by specific names. OfMediterranean-Indian type physically, speaking Indo-Aryan dialects in additionto Pashto and Dari, they are primarily gypsy-like itinerant petty traders,bangle sellers, fortune-tellers, musicians, jugglers, snake-charmers andperformers with animals such as bears and monkeys. Some are specializedcraftsmen, working as weavers, potters, sievemakers, knife-makers, andleather-workers. Some hire out as seasonal itinerant farm laborers. They ranklowest on the social scale and are stigmatized by many in the society.
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