Traditional teaching methods seek to ensure memory retention through rote.This method may also be noted in many secular schools in spite of a pre-warnetwork of well-established teacher training institutes in Kabul and majorprovincial centers which provided 2-year and 4-year courses largely for primaryteachers. The Faculty of Education at Kabul University taught pedagogy andadministration; other faculties trained teachers in general knowledge andspecialized subjects such as literature and languages, geophysics, socialscience, archaeology, and theology.
Afghan women have always been attracted to the teaching profession because itis regarded as a culturally acceptable career for women. After the war began in1978, however, many qualified teachers, male and female, opted for resettlementabroad. NGOs seek to fill this gap, but because of limited allocations of funds,salaries are mostly months in arrears, trained male teachers often prefer towork as day laborers while female teachers, even before the Taliban banned womenfrom schools, worked without pay, or stayed at home.
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