The Peshawar Accord, April 25, 1992

The Peshawar Accord, April 25, 1992

By April 25, Massoud could no longer wait for an agreement by the Peshawarparties on arrangements for a new government. With the cooperation of Pushtunofficials in the army and the interior ministry, Hekmatyar's troops wereinfiltrating Kabul. The situation appeared to offer the opportunity for him totake power in a sudden stroke, but his move was too late and too weak. Dostam'sand Massoud's forces were better positioned and stronger. After two days of hardfighting Hekmatyar and his Khalqi allies were forced out of the city. A newstruggle for power had begun.

For the moment Massoud had handed the Peshawar parties a virtual faitaccompli, Kabul was theirs. He awaited their takeover of government. Althoughreal power was being handed to them, the parties had reached no understanding onhow they wished to govern. Under Pakistani guidance and some pressure theyhastily agreed to rule through a leadership council and an interim presidency.This was to assure residual powers for themselves as party leaders. They gave noconsideration to dissolving their parties now that their function of leading awar against communists was fulfilled.

The council--whose role paralleled that of the PDPA's RevolutionaryCouncil--was to be made up of party staffers who in many instances wererelatives of the leaders. A succession of interim presidents was named.Mujaddidi was to serve from April 28 to June 28, 1992. Rabbani then was tosucceed him and serve until October 28. Between them they were to prepare aprovisional constitution for the Islamic republic, which was to be ratified by anational shura later in the year. Meanwhile, the parties would share amongthemselves appointments to the cabinet, with Hekmatyar given the choice ofbecoming Prime Minister. Arrangements for actual government mirrored thedistribution of power they had created for their shadow government in Peshawar.Its functions were paralyzed from the beginning while the contenders for totalpower maneuvered for advantage.

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