Indonesia Minerals

Indonesia Country Studies index

Indonesia - Minerals


Indonesia's mineral resources were dominated by crude petroleum and natural gas but included significant reserves of coal, tin, nickel, copper, gold, and bauxite. Much industrial development was based on increased domestic processing of oil and natural gas. Most mineral production was exported after some degree of domestic processing to industrial nations, primarily Japan. In some cases, Indonesia's own mineral intensive industries, such as steel and aluminum, relied on imports of raw materials. Krakatau Steel imported about 2 million tons of high-grade iron ore in 1989, and P.T. Indonesia Asahan Aluminum imported 360,000 tons of alumina from Australia. On balance, however, Indonesia was a net exporter of minerals in large part because of petroleum exports. In 1989 the total value of mineral exports was US$10 billion, almost 90 percent of which was oil or liquefied natural gas; mineral imports were only US$1.4 billion.

Natural Gas

You can read more regarding this subject on the following websites:

Indonesia: Mining, Minerals and Fuel Resources
2014 Minerals Yearbook - USGS
Indonesia eases ban on mineral exports | Financial Times
Mining Indonesia 2019 | 18 - 21 September 2019
Indonesia Minerals, Indonesia Minerals Manufacturers and

Indonesia Country Studies index
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