Tajikistan Society

Tajikistan Country Studies index

Tajikistan - Society

Population Characteristics
The Rural Majority
Gender and Family Structure
Ethnic Groups
Forces of Nationalism
Culture and the Arts

By the time Tajikistan became independent, its social structure reflected some of the changes that Soviet policy had consciously promoted, including urbanization, nearly universal adult literacy, and the increased employment of women outside the home. However, the changes were not as far-reaching as the central government had intended, nor did they take the exact form the government wanted. Tajikistan's cities grew, but the republic remained predominantly rural. More women had wage-paying jobs, but society still held traditional women's roles in higher regard. Tajikistan had an especially high birth rate and the highest rate of population increase of all the former Soviet republics.


Tajikistan's population has been characterized as primarily rural, with a relatively high birth rate and substantial ethnic tensions. Substantial forced relocation has occurred, first as a result of various Soviet programs and then because of the civil war.

You can read more regarding this subject on the following websites:

Tajkistan, Society | Tajikistan News ASIA-Plus
Tajikistan - SOCIETY - Mongabay.com
Tajikistan Society of the United Kingdom - British-Tajik
10 Observations on Tajikistan culture and society - HHH
Cambridge University Tajikistan Society - Home | Facebook

Tajikistan Country Studies index
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