Thailand Ayutthaya: The Final Phase

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Thailand - Ayutthaya: The Final Phase

Ayutthaya: the final phase

After a bloody period of dynastic struggle, Ayutthaya entered into what has been called its golden age, a relatively peaceful episode in the second quarter of the eighteenth century when art, literature, and learning flourished. Ayutthaya continued to compete with Vietnam for control of Cambodia, but a greater threat came from Burma, where a new dynasty had subdued the Shan states.

In 1765 Thai territory was invaded by three Burmese armies that converged on Ayutthaya. After a lengthy siege, the city capitulated and was burned in 1767. Ayutthaya's art treasures, the libraries containing its literature, and the archives housing its historic records were almost totally destroyed, and the city was left in ruins.

The country was reduced to chaos. Provinces were proclaimed independent states under military leaders, rogue monks, and cadet members of the royal family. The Thai were saved from Burmese subjugation, however, by an opportune Chinese invasion of Burma and by the leadership of a Thai military commander, Phraya Taksin.

You can read more regarding this subject on the following websites:

History of Thailand, The Ayutthaya Era, 1350-1767
Thailand - Ayutthaya - Wat Mahathat 32 - PR Shot
Ayutthaya Kingdom - The Full Wiki
Ayutthaya | Thailand |
Ayutthaya Kingdom - New World Encyclopedia

Thailand Country Studies index
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