Turkmenistan Foreign Relations Issues


Foreign Relations Issues

A recent transportation dispute underscored the urgency of Turkmenistan's finding a new pipeline route by which to send its natural gas to Europe through Iran and Turkey. From February through September 1992, Turkmenistan was engaged in a gas-transport price war with Ukraine that provoked the latter to withhold food shipments. In addition, Ukraine refused to transship 500 tons of Turkmenistan's cotton to Turkey, prompting an ambitious program to build Turkmenistan's railroad links with its southern neighbors.

Since independence, Turkmenistan has taken major initiatives by making national security and economic development agreements. Security agreements have focused on military cooperation with Russia and on border security with Iran and Afghanistan. In the economic area, President Niyazov has concentrated on developing gas and oil exports and the pipeline transport infrastructure, especially in cooperation with Iran, Turkey, and Pakistan.

You can read more regarding this subject on the following websites:

Foreign relations of Turkmenistan - Wikipedia
Fact Sheet: U.S. Relations With Turkmenistan
AllRefer.com - Turkmenistan - Foreign Relations Issues
Turkmenistan - Foreign Relations
Turkmenistan Iran Foreign Relations | Critical Threats
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan Country Studies index
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