Iran Peoples and Languages

Iran Country Studies index

Iran - Peoples and Languages

The Persian Language
Lurs and Bakhtiaris
Turkic-speaking Groups
Semitic Language Groups

Peoples and languages

Iran has a heterogeneous population speaking a variety of Indo-Iranian, Semitic, and Turkic languages. The largest language group consists of the speakers of Indo-Iranian languages, who in 1986 comprised about 70 percent of the population. The speakers of Indo-Iranian languages are not, however, a homogeneous group. They include speakers of Persian, the official language of the country, and its various dialects; speakers of Kirmanji, the term for related dialects spoken by the Kurds who live in the cities, towns, and villages of western Iran and adjacent areas of Iraq and Turkey; speakers of Luri, the language of the Bakhtiaris and Lurs who live in the Zagros; and Baluchi, the language of the seminomadic people who live in southeastern Iran and adjacent areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Approximately 28 percent of the population speaks various dialects of Turkish. Speakers of Semitic languages include Arabs and Assyrians.

You can read more regarding this subject on the following websites:

Iranian languages - Wikipedia
Languages of Iran - Wikipedia
Iranian peoples and Languages - YouTube
Languages in Iran | Iran Traveling Center
People of Iran: Iranian Ethnic Groups

Iran Country Studies index
Country Studies main page